WAF BOOK REVIEWS
Evolution. The work of Grimshaw Architects: Volume 4, 2000 - 2010
Edited by Rebecca Roke
The latest volume in the Grimshaw oeuvre complete, covering the first decade of the 21st century, coincides with the awarding of the RIBA Gold Medal to founder Sir Nicholas Grimshaw and his retirement as head of the practice. Volume 5 is promised by the end of the year, suggesting a period of intense reflection about the past and future of a significant global office. The 20 buildings featured in volume 4 cover a range of buildings types and geographies; they include the triumphant Eden Centre biodiversity celebration in Cornwall, which should surely have won the Stirling Prize, the Zurich Airport project, and significant railway stations in Amsterdam and Melbourne. Other overseas work 9ncludes an exhibition hall in Frankfurt, a science centre in St Louis, a headquarters complex in Duisberg and a museum in Monterrey, in addition to numerous buildings in the UK. The quality of photography and drawings is exactly what you would expect; the only drawback is the usual inevitable chronological arrangement of material in this sort of work. There was undoubtedly an evolution of ideas as well as commissions.
Tower Bridge. History, Engineering, Design
Thames & Hudson/Tower Bridge
Celebrating the 125th anniversary of the bridge this June, this timely study by the always reliable Kenneth Powell includes previously unpublished original working drawings and construction photography, amidst a wealth of visual material (212 illustrations) which would make this book a suitable present for anyone with an interest in the bridge, professional or lay. The history of the site prior to construction of the bridge, to designs by Sir Horace Jones and Sir John Wolfe Barry, is covered, though it would have been good to have read more about Joseph Bazalgette’s proposals for a bridge, and the attempt by the Metropolitan Board of Works to take control, only to be rebuffed by the eventual client, the City Corporation. This should not detract from the quality of what is offered, including as an appendix useful dimensional information and a reading list. Anyone with an interest in Victorian London will want a copy.
The Buildings of England: Hertfordshire
James Bentley, Nikolaus Pevsner and Bridget Cherry
Yale University Press, London
Pevsner’s original guide was published in 1962 and updated by Bridget Cherry in 1977. However, in addition to revisions and corrections, the latest edition has been expanded to twice the original length, including hundreds of buildings for the first time, across a wide range of types. The author/reviser is Dr James Bentley, who can now be considered a Pevsner veteran having completed revised guides to Essex (2007) and Suffolk (two volumes, 2015). With about 200 illustrations, ‘Hertfordshire’ will be an essential purchase for anyone with a serious interest in the county and its architecture.
Gordon Matta-Clark: Physical Poetics
University of California Press
Hardcover $45, £35
This is a dense and detailed study of a legendary figure on the cusp of art and architecture, who died aged 35 in 1978. Matta-Clark studied architecture at Cornell, but devoted himself to what Frances Richard terms ‘anarchitecture’, a series of largely site-specific interventions that violently but hauntingly chopped and cut pieces out of buildings to create new and unexpected spaces and forms. Matta-Clark spoke of creating ‘confusion from a clear sense of purpose’: Richard untangles many of the strands of this complex figure, going into how he devised, executed and recorded his works. In the process his contribution to the semiotics, poetics and politics of the physical environment emerges, which satisfying shows how he challenged to all-too-easy conventions of architecture.
Architects’ Sketchbooks – The Creative Process
Thames & Hudson
This book promises to be a bargain with over 900 illustrations by 60 architects covering a wide demographic and geographic range – especially as it also claims to provide ‘true insight into architects’ creative processes’. A bargain it certainly is, but the claim to true insight can only be admitted with reservations. Architectural creativity is not limited to drawing: it is also about detail, construction and verbal discussion. To understand how drawings fit into that would be a real achievement. Instead this book reinforces the point that Banham made, that drawing is the way of socializing architects into the profession – and far from the only way of designing buildings. Readers may feel themselves left with the rather narrow impression that architects draw in all sorts of ways, with varying degrees of affinity – and lacking images of the buildings which supposedly emerge from these drawings, almost no way of assessing their creative potential.
New Chinese Architecture
Twenty Women Building the Future
Austin Williams (Foreword by Zhang Xin)
Thames & Hudson
In 1949 China had 120 cities: now it has 684 with another 240 to be added within ten years. This statistic tells a familiar story but Austin Williams offers an important and fascinating insight into it. Selecting 20 ‘newly emerging young female talents – together with a couple of grandes dames’ he shows how the complex history of gender relations intersects with economic growth. Under communism everyone was expected to work almost always in manual work, with little distinction for capitalist gender roles. Amid the repression some talented and determined women found ways to acquire an education and opportunities that arguably a less oppressive regime could not have provided. Williams’ informative texts depict individual experiences within this maelstrom, and illustrate architecture which if not always of the highest quality shows the range and sheer difficulty of building in so complex a society. This book may finger stars of the future, but it also opens a way into thinking about the overwhelming architectural challenge of our time: how to urbanise and raise living standards for billions of people, and how some woman are successfully engaging with it.